Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Soufyane BADRAOUI, Dalila LALAOUNA, Souad BELAROUCI
 

Extensive research has been conducted looking at the links between culture and management. Studies have examined, among other components of the managerial activity captured by power distance, individualism, etc. However; these studies assume the existence of a national culture, something largely absent in most countries that are dominated by the cultures of their various ethnic communities. Different cultures perceive the benefits differently,found significant differences between cultures in perceptions and organizational/ Managerial practices. Our modest contribution is structured in two parts: the first part concerns the presentation of the Hofstede model and analysis through this model on some African societies, the second reserved for discussing expose in socio-cultural characters that influences the African Management and limitations of the model of cultural dimensions of Hofstede and conclusion.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 30th June, 2014
  • Keywords: National Culture, Management, Hofstede Model, Traditional Culture
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Dana BĂDULESCU
 

The purpose of this paper is to explore the complex ways in which Bloomsbury artists approached space, challenging and blurring the boundaries between the domestic/private domain and the public sphere, and also between life and art. Looking deep into the private space, these artists posited the self, which was of utmost importance to them, at the intersection between two previously distinct spheres. With their metaphorically charged symbolism of rooms, windows, houses, gardens, on the one hand, and streets, parks, and squares, on the other, Virginia Woolf's novels, diary and essays, E. M. Forster's novels and essays, the paintings of Vanessa Bell and Duncan Grant, and the Omega Workshops organized by the Bloomsbury artists suggest an ambivalent contrast and fusion between the most intimate aspects of the self and the public space.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 30th June, 2014
  • Keywords: Bloomsbury, Monk’s House, Charleston, Rooms, The Omega Workshops
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Daniela CALTEA
 

The study was based on finding the characteristics of the process of acknowledging the right to the best health status of HIV infected children and adolescence in Romania from their perspective. The aim I was following with this study was the identification and analysis of the risks the HIV infected youth are exposed to when claiming specialised medical treatment. In this respect I focused on the degree of acknowledgement to their right of health received. I obtained my data after conducting life story interviews with youth from the counties of Iasi and Constanta and the city of Bucharest. In this article I will focus on general aspects concerning HIV infection and AIDS in Romania (statistics), the legislation concerning the right to health of Romanian children and adolescence, the identification and analysis of the barriers met in the acknowledgement to this right and measures to be taken for the eradication of these barriers.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 30th June, 2014
  • Keywords: Health, HIV-AIDS, Children’s right, Risks, Statistics, Legislation
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Costel CHITEŞ
 

By means of a historical approach, we expound three different ways of perceiving the notion of infinity: mathematically, physically, and theologically. In the book of Genesis we are told of Man's attempt at reaching the skies, at becoming akin to the Gods. In Christian faith, down here is, at once, a place distant and much closer to its divine origin. He cannot be circumscribed. He is like an endless ocean of infinity. Furthermore, we use examples to emphasise how this notion is perceived by children and adolescents in the education system. The inferences at the end of this article underline how important it is for the tutor to understand the fascinating notion of infinity, and to find a useful place for it, inside the structure of the classes that tutor teaches.

  • Type: Methodological Article
  • Published on: 30th June, 2014
  • Keywords: Infinity, Boundless, Cardinal number, Children
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Mirela CIOLAC
 

Purpose–The investigation of relationship between professional and family life of managers from Romania in terms of time allocated to these aspects.
Design/methodology/approach – This study was conducted on 111 managers from Arad County (56 men and 55 women) from various fields of activity.
Findings – The results support the idea that leisure time decreases after taking over the position of manager.
Practical implications/originality/value – There is no significant association between gender and the amount of leisure time. Although we expected women to report less leisure time after taking over the top management position (and men more leisure time) this situation cannot be reported. Explanations: 1. there are differences but they could not be depicted through the manner the data were collected 2. Women managers get help from other people (parents, in-laws, husband, housekeeper) after taking over management positions.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 30th June, 2014
  • Keywords: Manager, Gender, Professional life, Private life
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Ada-Flavia CRISTINA, Nicoleta MATEOC-SÎRB
 

The historic province Banat covers a variety of landscapes from Romania, Serbia and Hungary, which shows the cohabitation of a mixed ethnic population, each with its own identity and particularities. In this multicultural context, the messages were transmitted through decorative elements of the traditional costume. This paper analyzes the symbolism of the traditional costume from Banat County, decrypting many messages that communicate important elements about the social identity and culture of Banat’s people. In the actual European context, each historical region tries to preserve its national culture, aspects of their identity, shown inclusively through the iconic elements such as traditional costumes specific to each region, which gives a perspective of the main regional features. The methodology used in this micro study is accomplished upon observation and semiotic analysis. The study concludes that Banat’s traditional costume has in the national and international context, an unique symbolism, which promotes the multicultural identity of the Banat Region.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 30th June, 2014
  • Keywords: Banat, Symbolism, Traditional costume, Qualitative-interpretative analysis
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Dan CONSTANTINESCU
 

Without the slightest exaggeration we can say that in ancient Israel a complex system of social security was regulated. If that system worked as depicted by the words of Moses and its efficiency are altogether other problems that can make the topic of new research. The disadvantaged categories the Old Testament refers to are not basically different from the persons that make today’s social politics topic, which are: the poor, orphans, widows, emigrants and the sick. Besides, a pericope through Deuteronomy bears the name The Rights of the foreigner, the orphan and widow. It is worth noting that in the Biblical text, the issue of protecting the disadvantaged transcends historical eras. It is found, thus, in the lamentations of the rightful Job, in the thoughts of Solomon and even in the words of our Savior. An everlasting issue to solve which modern approaches should not exclude, in our opinion, is the perennial parts of early Hebrew culture.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 30th June, 2014
  • Keywords: Disadvantaged categories, Rights of the poor, Loan-charity, Second tithe, Sabbatical year, Year of joy
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Constantin DUGULEANĂ
 

The analysis of labour market in an economy emphasizes the linkage between the unemployment level and the economy structure with its organization and leading mode, and the context of its growth and development. Numerous empirical analyses of unemployment show that a significant part of its level cannot be explained by the oscillations of overall economic activity, on short term. The structural unemployment and that determined by the transparency level are causes of existence of a permanent unemployment. The paper analyzes the process of jobs creation simultaneously with job destruction and emphasizes how the structure of economic activities suffer positive or negative changes during economic cycle.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 30th June, 2014
  • Keywords: Natural rate of unemployment,Job creation condition, Potential gdp
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Liliana DUGULEANĂ
 

Cultural dimensions of Hofstede’s model were developed in different models of cultural influences in business. Erin Meyer, the author of the Culture Map, uses eight scales for defining a national cultural profile. The database of cultural profiles for some states of the World was built in time, by business leaders and it can be dynamically updated by adding the answers of new respondents to the online questionnaire. The performances of economic and social organizations influence the well-being of their nations. The paper uses the estimations of the national cultural profiles from Erin Meyer’s database and some indicators which characterize the well-being, like: human development index (HDI), the corruption perceptions index, the unemployment rate and inequality-adjusted HDI, in order to define how the culture influences the well-being. Using the Analysis of Principal Components in SPSS, there can be found the position of the analyzed countries about well-being in relation with their national cultural profile in businesses, in 2013.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 30th June, 2014
  • Keywords: National cultural profile, Well-being, Human Development Index, Corruption Perception Index
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Efrat KEDEM-TAHAR
 

The aim of this article is to analyze the meaning of the ideological, social and financial crises undergone by the Kibbutz Movement in Israel, which has existed for the past one hundred years. The paper will discuss in detail the values of cooperation, democracy and equality that were the guiding principles of the Kibbutz Movement for dozens of years. The difficult economic reality forced upon the entire State of Israel during the 1980s did not pass over the Kibbutz Movement, which consists approximately 1.7% of the population of the State of Israel and approximately 2.2% of the Jewish population in Israel. This crisis compelled the Kibbutz Movement to make internal administrative and organizational changes in order to survive it. The paper will describe the measures taken in the mechanism that was sealed and preserved for dozens of years on many levels – administrative, social and economic; a mechanism that required a drastic transition from being based on agriculture to industry and production, all while preserving the Kibbutz way of life and core values.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 30th June, 2014
  • Keywords: “Automatic” rotation, Conservatism, Cooperative, Ideology, Socialism, The Kibbutz crisis
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Maura G. FELEA, Cristina GAVRILOVICI, Liana R. BORZA
 

Cognitive anthropology does not predict human behavior, but tries to access principles that rule behavior. Cross-cultural communication is a skill acquired through a learning process, and it can improve doctor-patient relationship and enhance the outcomes of care. The unfulfilled expectations of a patient may influence the patient self-esteem and his perceived role in the society. For some patients living with cancer, it was found as an unforeseen benefit of learning to be closer to God. Based on a narrative communication, we tried to underline cross-cultural differences in cancer patients from different countries with various backgrounds. We described the patient reactions, his way of interpreting the things that happened to him, and his actions regarding adaptive changes in behavior. The originality of the study resides in understanding cross-cultural patterns of cancer patients. The innovative element is the use of qualitative research and its application in health care.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 30th June, 2014
  • Keywords: Cross-cultural understanding, Education, Health, Patient expectations
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Patrizia GAZZOLA, Gianluca COLOMBO
 

The aim of this research paper is to develop a model for the integration of ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) into the company strategy as a source of competitive advantages. CSR is an organization's obligation to consider the interests of their customers, employees, shareholders, communities and to consider the social and environmental consequences of their business activities. By integrating CSR into the corporate strategy and stakeholder management, organizations can ensure that the increasing of shareholder value doesn’t overshadow the need to behave ethically to their stakeholders. The research is based on the theoretical framework that supports a thesis of beneficial impact of the development and implementation of CSR plan: by planning out CSR as part of a corporate strategy, companies can achieve the ultimate goal of creating both social value and corporate value.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 30th June, 2014
  • Keywords: CSR, Strategy, Stakeholder
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Alexandra PERJU-MITRAN, Andreea E. BUDACIA
 

Given the popularity of video games and the influences they may pose on individuals’ psychology and behavior, the present study analyses whether video game playing among university students can be correlated with traits associated with an entrepreneur’s profile, which may, in turn, lead to an entrepreneurial intent. The results of the study reveal that students who do play video games show a higher entrepreneurial intent, this relationship being mediated by several psychological and cognitive characteristics. With regards to the psychological and cognitive factors studied, the results also suggest that a favorable attitude towards playing videogames fosters students’ entrepreneurial potential and has a positive effect on the entrepreneurial intent.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 30th June, 2014
  • Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial propensity , Structural Equation Modelling
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Lucian-Nicu RĂDĂȘAN
 

The balance between surreal and real mental space has not yet been discovered in the cognitive sciences. It is definitely time for us to get used to the idea that mental space is not something impossible, unreal, but a different kind of reality. Moreover, the interdependance between the mind and the physical world cannot be dismissed as both physics and philosophy have demonstrated that one cannot exist without the other.This dissociative identity is mean to make up for an indiviual’sinability to express himself in the world in which he is living. The actor assumes this new identity in order to have his inner self from his personal failures and adops an image which gives him safety, surrounded by imaginary friends while looking for a family to provide a sense of fufillment.

  • Type: Point of View
  • Published on: 30th June, 2014
  • Keywords: Cyberspace, Identity, Virtual, Reality, Catfishing
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Elena N. UNTARU, Ana ISPAS, Adina N. CANDREA
 

The present paper aims to determine the influence of EU member countries’ economic development on their citizens’ pro-environmental attitudes, using a Cluster Analysis, a Principal Components Analysis and a series of multiple regressions. In this sense, we have used the results of the 2012 survey on the „Attitudes of Europeans towards building the single market for green products”, as well as the 2012 statistical information referring to EU member countries’ economic development, provided by Eurostat. Using multiple regression analyses, we have outlined a significant influence of macroeconomic variables, such as: the employment rate, tertiary educational attainment, GDP per capita, human development index value, unemployment rate, share of gross value added in services and share of employment in services on European citizens’ pro-environmental attitudes.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 30th June, 2014
  • Keywords: Multiple regression, Cluster analysis, Principal component analysis, Pro-environmental attitudes, Economic development
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Irina LECA, Carmen A. VRÂNCEANU
 

In today’s dynamic global market, a place where cultural diversity prevails and people search for more and more opportunities across border, trying to succeed in cultural diverse, challenging environments, what we must do is create an environment where “we” is everyone. As organizations become transnational entities, it is becoming more important for the leaders to understand workforce diversity and inclusion. The objective of the present study is to identify the diversity gaps that exist in organizational members perceptions by using as an instrument of research a questionnaire focused on diversity awareness, respect and appreciation of differences and reluctance and ease of interacting and working with members of different culture, in a multinational company in Romania.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 30th June, 2014
  • Keywords: Cultural diversity, Multiculturalism, Inclusion management
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Corina Anamaria IOAN, Florin-Alexandru LUCA, Constantin SASU
 

More than ever doctors are beginning to recognize that beyond impeccable professionalism shown to the patient, equally imports became part of communication, and in one century of the Internet, the most effective communication process moves online, in the social networks. It is important for doctors to develop a personal brand because a reputation, passed with internet speed can only have a positive effect. In a century in which patients make the decision to see a particular doctor, largely based on recommendations and research the forums online discussions, doctors are beginning realize the importance of a strong presence, constant and reliable environment through online networks social priority.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 30th June, 2014
  • Keywords: Personal marketing, Personal brand, Social Networks, Medic, Doctors
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Florin-Alexandru LUCA, Corina Anamaria IOAN, Constantin SASU
 

A survey in 2013 of Division Market Research Group Rentrop & Straton Romanian-German - "state services and private clinics. Comparative Analysis ", highlights the fact that into urban population in Romania, the internet is the most popular source of information on health services. According to the survey, 81.9% of respondents use the Internet to find out about the best doctors available to them. Preferences of respondents to the online environment as the main source of information translates into ease of access and the possibility of interaction, but also trust recommendations based on personal experiences, recommendations can be found through discussion forums, mostly or comments left on pages on social networking sites. In the present study we try to emphasize the specificity of communication physician - patient online through social networks.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 30th June, 2014
  • Keywords: Personal marketing, Personal brand, Social Networks, Medic, Doctors
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Rodica Diana APAN, Simona SABOU
 

The legal evaluation of the penalty interest, meaning the ex lege determination of its level is applicable only in the case of non-fulfillment of a monetary payment obligation. The applicability of the system of legal evaluation of the interest is generally determined by the absence of a document that ascertains the agreement of the parties, such as a contract, through which the parties, following this agreement, evaluate the prejudice caused by the non-fulfillment of a monetary payment obligation, before the prejudice has occurred. The legal evaluation of the penalty interest, as a component of the regulation in the field of legal interest has the purpose to ensure creditor’s protection. Regardless of the prejudice caused to the creditor, the legal penalty interest shall be determined by relating it to a variable benchmark that is the level of the reference interest rate of the National Bank of Romania, which is the monetary policy interest rate of the National Bank of Romania.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 1st December, 2014
  • Keywords: Putting in default, Legal interest, Penalty interest, Reference interest rate of the National Bank of Romania
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th November, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Patricea Elena BERTEA, Adriana ZAIŢ
 

The study aims to identify differences in response styles between regions which belong to Romania, but have previously been under foreign occupation. To do that, we employ data from the European Social Survey, the 2006 round. We investigate extreme response styles as this is known as a common problem in cross-cultural research. Extreme response styles increase reliability, but affect the validity as all correlation specific methods can be biased in this case. We compare response styles across regions and inside regions using language as a factor variable to identify ethnic groups. Results show that in some cases there are significant differences between regions of the same country, whereas there are none for neighbouring regions belonging to different countries.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st December, 2014
  • Keywords: Extrem response styles, cross-cultural research, Historical regions, Romania
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th November, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Danut CHILAREZ, George Sebastian ENE
 

As economic entities in Romania are still in a relationship of interdependence between the accounting interest and the fiscal one, it makes the application of one or another accounting treatment under different circumstances on the transactions specific to the activity have a certain influence on the information released by the financial statements, but also on the tax bases and hence on the fiscal cost. This article argues that the sustainability and performance of a business requires, in addition to the effective management of the economic and financial resources in order to maximise performance and to ensure the cash flows, that the management must take into account both the good informing of the information users through the financial statements, and proper management of the fiscal implications in order to record a fiscal cost as low as possible while respecting the legal framework so that the fiscal risk is avoided or reduced as much as possible.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 1st December, 2014
  • Keywords: Management, Fiscality, Fiscal management, Fiscal optimisation, Fiscal efficiency, Fiscal risk
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th November, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Dan CONSTANTINESCU
 

It is unanimously accepted that the Bible is one reference in the writings of humanity. Of course, it is based – foremost – on the messianic idea, widely exploited in theological disciplines. Meanwhile, though, multilateral cognitive valences cannot be circumvented, especially, the character of historic document of many biblical texts that record facts and events that took place over a long period of time. Furthermore, we consider that the Bible – in its whole – is a foundation and a coherent configuration for a large number of scientific disciplines, the author’s concerns being channelled, naturally, toward economic origin disciplines. In this context there can be highlighted texts attesting the existence and development since the ancient times of economic relations, out of which – in the present study – we will focus on monetary and credit relations.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 1st December, 2014
  • Keywords: Functions of money, Banking occupations, Credit relationships, Lending characteristics, Biblical texts
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th November, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Andrei-Răzvan CRIŞAN
 

Governments in general provide two main types of financial information: Government Finance Statistics (GFS), used for macroeconomic analysis and General Purpose Financial Reports (GPFR), more or less according with International Public Sector Accounting Standards, used for making decisions in the public sector entities. The aim of this paper is to make a comparison between GFS and GPFR to extract the similarities and differences between them. The documents of GFS and GPFS will be compared row by row, relieving the common and the different components. Our proposal is to create a unique informational system which generates both GFS and GPFS. This system could bring significant benefits such as saving time or reducing costs.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 1st December, 2014
  • Keywords: Government,Financial reporting, statistics, comparison, IPSAS
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th November, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Alexandrina D. CRUCEANU, Ionel MUNTELE, Dănuț-Gabriel COZMA
 

The study in case makes part of the similar efforts at national and international level concerning health state and its determinants. Since it is a social desirable phenomenon, a person`s health state is a susceptible element of developing life standard and productivity or not, of prolonging active life and implicitly reducing public expenses for holidays, sick-ness alimonies or any other forms of social support. The starting point of our study has regarded the question at what degree health state is a determinant and a predictor of personal life quality or, opposite, a determinant of the last one. The study focuses on the identification and explanation of certain behavioural models, the life styles present in a specific geographical area, in our case-the superior basin of Moldavian Bistrita. All these are meant to explain the disparities and/or the mutual elements existent in the urban and rural environments of this study area, and the possible “endemisms” present in this area.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st December, 2014
  • Keywords: Declared health status, Perceived health status, Determinants of health, Lifestyle, Geographical disparities
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th November, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Csongor CSŐSZ, Partenie DUMBRAVĂ
 

At many entities the net asset value is influenced by the evaluation methods applied for tangible assets, because the value of intangible assets and financial assets is small in most cases. The objective of this paper is to analyze the differences between the procedures / methods of evaluation applied by micro and small entities and medium and large entities for tangible assets in Romania and Hungary. Furthermore, we analyze the differences between the procedures / methods of evaluation applied by micro and small entities in Romania and Hungary, respectively the differences between medium and large entities regarding de evaluation methods for tangible assets in Romania and Hungary. For this empirical study the questionnaire is used – as research technique, and to demonstrate the significant differences between the evaluation methods we used the Kolmogorov – Smirnov Z test.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st December, 2014
  • Keywords: Accounting policy, Evaluation methods / procedures, Evaluation bases, Revaluation
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th November, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Zoltan-Bela FARKAS, Viorica BAESU, Anca-Diana POPESCU
 

Many research studies on the human resources performance of the educational system have proved that pupils/students’ educational success depends, to a high degree, on the level of human resource motivation, as well as on their degree of professional satisfaction. Teachers’ who show a high level of motivation, both intrinsic and extrinsic, invest more into their activity, are more creative and more efficient in problem solving. The paper debates the results of an empirical study regarding the influence of pre-university teachers’ motivation and satisfaction regarding the general work conditions on their work performance by measuring the present motivation and satisfaction level. Furthermore, the determinant factors of their satisfaction with the work place are determined and analyzed. Finally, based on the statistical data process we will conclude and debate on the research hypothesis validation and the empirical model related to motivation – satisfaction – performance interdependences.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st December, 2014
  • Keywords: Human resources, Motivation, Job satisfaction
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th November, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Irina IONESCU, Ioana-Alexandra CHIRIANU
 

The 20th century was marked by the feminine revolution and the change of status of women throughout the world. The following article wishes to approach from a multidisciplinary perspective the contrasting differences of the woman’s condition in two different “worlds” (Occidental and the Balkans) given the access of women towards education, social attitude and the afferent politics for women. These indexes influence the rate of participation of women in the working field, thus, they play a crucial role in the personal development of them. The comparative analysis of the specialized literature points out the main characteristics of women from France and Germany (as defining parts of the Occidental Europe) and Turkey and Bosnia (representative countries for the Balkans and the Islamic part of the continent) throughout the 20th and the 21st century. Although there is a common set of features, it is the differences that draw attention regarding the unequal participation of women in the social, economical and political life.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 1st December, 2014
  • Keywords: Women status, Gender equality, Multidisciplinary study, Europe,Islam
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th November, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Marioara MIREA, Kamer Ainur AIVAZ
 

The purpose of this paper is represented by the structural analysis of loans, by territorial profile, of the non-bank, non-governmental customers, between 2004 and 2013. The choice of topic was the result of a careful observation and understanding of the loan mechanisms within the banking system, the loan representing an essential link in the functioning mechanism of the economy and the cornerstone of the general economic equilibrium which gives the impression of wealth. Thus, the economic crisis has led to a major shift in thinking, i.e. the habit of an accelerated loan growth has been replaced by an accelerated decrease and by the decline of confidence in the banking system. The resumption of growth in 2013 has led to the need for the banking system in Romania to find, as soon as possible, an appropriate structure of loans, in order to continue without worries the crediting of reliable customers (households and economic agents).The present research was conducted at regional level, using the principal components method, which is a descriptive method of multidimensional analysis data that applied to the study of the link between numerical variables that for analysis are standardized and reduced.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st December, 2014
  • Keywords: Loans in foreign exchange for economic agents, Loans in foreign exchange for households, Consumer loans, Housing loans
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th November, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Ion POHOAŢĂ, Oana-Ramona SOCOLIUC, Delia-Elena DIACONAŞU
 

Capital markets are regarded as “the barometer” of economic activity at the national level, but among emerging markets, the position of this segment in the economy is far from ideal. The answers that we try to offer are concerning the contribution of capital markets to the economic welfare of nations in transition from Central and Eastern Europe, using Granger causality tests. Our findings highlight that in this geographical area, the relation between capital markets and economic growth is a bidirectional one. However, although both the establishment of stock exchanges and their liberalization represented governments’ strategy of economic development, their objective was not fully achieved. Institutional transformations are required in order to attract foreign investors.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st December, 2014
  • Keywords: Emerging capital market, Economic development, Central and Eastern Europe
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th November, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Anca-Diana POPESCU, Cristina BORCA, Viorica BAESU
 

The paper aims to characterize the multicultural personality (behavior dimensions) in the case of two groups of students in order to identify ways for their multicultural skills development. The research sample allowed the results comparison between a witness group consists of Romanian students from the second year of study in engineering (educational program developed in Romanian language, 70 students) and an experimental group of students of different cultures, from the second year of study in the same engineering specialization (educational program developed in English language, 68 students). The research tool used was the Multicultural Personality Questionnaire (MPQ).The behaviors dimensions considered and analyzed were: cultural empathy, open-mindedness, social initiative, emotional stability and flexibility. The findings have underlined that members of the experimental group have high level of multicultural skills and also, their educational performances (shown by their partial transcript of records for the first and second year of study) are higher than for the witness group.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st December, 2014
  • Keywords: Multicultural personality, MPQ Questionnaire, Groups
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th November, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Andreea POPOVICI, Dragos TURLIUC
 

The purpose of the current research is to study bank mergers and acquisitions (M&A) and to see whether they have implications on the productivity of the target banks, and also for the bidder bank. The aim of this paper is to see if, during 2002-2008 period, three banks from the European banking system, Banca Comerciala Romana from Romania, Slovenská sporiteľňa from Slovakia and Erste Bank Group from Austria improved their productivity due to the fact that all of them were involved in a process of cross-border merger or acquisitions, even if the bank is the purchaser or the target. To reach our goal, we used DEA method, by estimating the productivity achieved by these three banks during the period pre-M&A, post M&A, but we also estimated the productivity for entire period of seven years. Using Malquist DEA method, we show that, on average, the merger or acquisition in which a bank was involved improved the Total Factor Productivity of all analyzed banks.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st December, 2014
  • Keywords: M&A, Banking, Performance, Productivity, Efficiency
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th November, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Cezar SCARLAT, Carmen-Laura ZARZU, Adriana PRODAN
 

The article is based on literature review and authors’ own recent experience in managing multicultural project teams, in international environment. This comparative study considers two groups of projects: technical assistance (TA) projects versus information technology (IT) projects. The aim is to explore the size and structure of the project teams – according to the team formation and its lifecycle, and to identify some distinctive attributes of the project teams – both similarities and differences between the above mentioned types of projects. Distinct focus of the research is on the multiculturalism of the project teams: how the cultural background of the team members influences the team performance and team management. Besides the results of the study are the managerial implications: how the team managers could soften the cultural clash, and avoid inter-cultural misunderstandings and even conflicts – in order to get a better performance. Some practical examples are provided as well.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st December, 2014
  • Keywords: Team formation and management, Team lifecycle, Multicultural team, Project team, Information technology (IT) projects, Technical assistance (TA) projects
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th November, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Silviu-Marius ŞEITAN
 

The necessity to identify and implement a solution for the region subject to the process globalization appeared due to the following reasons:
- During the stage of evolution of the process of globalization, there is no kind of coordination of this process towards the accomplishment of its goals, the character of this process being determined by the multitude of microeconomic processual elements coordinated from particular levels;
- Therefore, the only objectives to be achieved are microeconomic by their nature, and there is a risk that adverse effects appear at the macroeconomic levels in relation with the specific objectives of the microeconomic level;
- The possible configuration of a global system of process administration is outrun temporally by the evolution of the global real economy. This entire period, represented by the stage of evolution of the process of globalization, is characterized by the lack of risk management capacity, the only such capacities, possibly to be activated, being those at the local level, but they have a low efficacy compared to the global nature of the risk and effects.

  • Type: Essay
  • Published on: 1st December, 2014
  • Keywords: Globalization process, Sustainability, Risk, Development
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th November, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Maria-Mădălina VOINEA, Anca-Simona HROMEI
 

This paper deals with the economic and financial valuation, that is the only type of valuation, based on a diagnosis and expertise, which has as objective to establish the market value of elements, whether goods or businesses, being a "orientation tool" for the economic operators on the market. There are specific means to measure value but there are also some mechanisms that can influence the value obtained, from the category of creative accounting. Creative accounting occurs due to human intervention and even the most advanced accounting systems are not able to do this due to the lack of reasoning. There must be also assumed that it is possible that these creative accounting techniques may be caused by a simple mistake and not necessarily with the intention of manipulating the financial results and reports. The aim of the paper is to see how specific element valuation can influence the general one, namely the value of a company.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 1st December, 2014
  • Keywords: Economic valuation, Company valuation methods, Creative accounting techniques
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th November, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Dumitru ZAIȚ, Iulian WARTER, Liviu WARTER
 

In order to invest there are some incentives needed, including among them, certainly, the ones discussed and analysed in the scientific literature such as: specific earning chances (expectations) of each participant (wage, profit, dividend, budget revenue, etc.), potential investor’s general or current state, etc.. Less visible incentives from complex areas not obviously related to the investment are, however, less considered. Among these could be incentives arising from inherited or education and culture transmitted philosophy, generally regarding earnings, business and investment.We notice these incentives in case of FDI in different shades and intensities.Investor’s decision to acquire, sell or to carry out projects in a particular area, region or country is not only due to purely economic, commercial or financial reasoning. In such operations, meeting among businessmen, managers and other professionals in the field is, first of all, meeting in specific circumstances, among more or less different cultures.Both theory and practice must be concerned in what way and to what extent these factors influence the investment intention, outcome and yield. Our study proposes a list of the most important cultural type incentives for investment (mainly FDI), based on a set of cases, through a logical and empirical research, using some of the most relevant and recent studies and several real situations to which we got access. These are early data and analysis that will allow us to draw attention to the problem and to develop further research to reach generalizable results.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 1st December, 2014
  • Keywords: Foreign direct investments (FDI), Mergers and acquisitions (M&A), Cross-cultural, FDI determinants, Intercultural
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th November, 2014
Volume XVI, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Oana ZIGMAN
 

Workplace violence in the social care sector is not a problem that appeared overnight. It was and still is a major concern, and its disastrous effects, on both organization and employees have been largely documented in various papers and studies around the world. This study analyzes social care workers’ perceptions and experiences with workplace violence, phenomenon which has been largely ignored in the Romanian research field, and is still considered a taboo subject in the organizational environment. Even if most employers recognize its general existence they tend to deny or refuse to accept that their institution or company is affected by it. The present paper will provide information concerning problematic issues in studying the phenomenon and will try to provide an image of the social care workers’ perception and attitude towards risk and workplace violence. The research will try to identify differences in experience, exposure and resistance to violence in the workplace based on various variables like sex or job characteristics.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st December, 2014
  • Keywords: Risk, Workplace violence, Mobbing, Bullying, Occupational doctrine
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th November, 2014