Volume XVIII, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Andrei-Razvan CRISAN
 

Transparency in the public sector is of paramount importance for the general feeling of trust in the system itself, as public servants are publicly accountable for the use and effects on public resources. In this respect, ensuring an increase in transparency would allow these public servants to discharge accountability accordingly and would provide the necessary frame for assessment of public resource use from stakeholders. This paper aims to determine whether transparency levels are adequate in the case of Romanian public universities, using a refined assessment tool which consists of multiple criteria based on principles and required elements for the reduction of information asymmetry. Our findings show that overall, in the case of Romanian public universities, the transparency level is high and there is a prerequisite to ensure the fair judgement from stakeholders.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2016
  • Keywords: Transparency, Public sector, Universities
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2016
Volume XVIII, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Ioana Ancuta IANCU, Veronica MAIER
 

In this study, using survey data, we explore motivations and factors that influence the Romanian investors to trade online even if they initially traded through a broker. To identify the factors we used secondary sources and for exploring the factors that influence the decision of trading online we used primary data. We find that investors decide to trade online especially because they spend less time, they have an easier access to information (due to the fact that most of the online trading platforms have notifications and alarms for news that can affect the stock market) and they know how to use the internet. We discover that only a few investors are influenced by advertising and the fact that it is fashionable to trade online.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2016
  • Keywords: Investments, Online trading, Investors behavior, Stock Market
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2016
Volume XVIII, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Stelian MANOLACHE
 

It is obvious that the migration wave from the Orient is a challenge for Europe and especially for the Catholic and Protestant countries. Its geopolitical, economic, social, cultural, theological, and spiritual significance has hardly any competition in the old evolution of the world, the secularization from the 17th century or the globalization from the 21st century. From this perspective, it is necessary to study carefully the migration phenomenon in its assembly, trying to present an integrated and multi-criteria diagnosis, especially due to the migration phenomenon brings closer to each of us the huge and extremely difficult problem of Muslim radicalization, together with its cohort of terrorist manifestations endangering the most important human right: the right to life. Our study is intentionally intended to evaluate and commensurate, using Orthodox theological criteria, the impact of the actual migration phenomenon, the life of the Muslim community – umma, related to the Christian community from the multicultural European society. We start from the opposed manner the two sides relate to society, understand freedom and the dialogue between religions.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 18th November, 2016
  • Keywords: Immigration, Quran, Umma, Interreligious dialogue, Intercultural dialogue, Jihad
  • Final revision and acceptance: 4th November, 2016
Volume XVIII, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Carmen NOVAC, Raluca Silvia CIOCHINA
 

Started in 2009, the study of specific processes in the Strategic Human Resources Management (SHRM), will be continued in this article by identifying less obvious processes in models already made for SHRM. Among them, succession planning in the organization or promoting employees, are processes influenced by the current economical context. The results of this research reflect as realistically as possible the situation of the Romanian companies in the current economic context of the human resources processes, additionally to the questionnaire method we have also used the interview method. Being part of the sociological survey, this method could confirm or deny the results obtained via the questionnaire. In the activity field where personnel fluctuation can be sometimes overwhelming as in trade marketing, the effectiveness of these processes controls turn-over rate of staff and provides certainty to employees that they will have access to higher positions by promoting the talents in the organization.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2016
  • Keywords: Human Resources processes, Strategic Human Resources Management, Development, Mentoring, Talent Management
  • Final revision and acceptance: 4th November, 2016
Volume XVIII, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Emanuela Maria AVRAM
 

Any higher education institution builds an image on the market which contributes to the attraction of quality students. The purpose of this paper is to emphasize the relationship between the university image and students' trust - manifested through their willingness to recommend the university. Data was collected from a significant number of respondents - higher education students studying economics in Romania, in other words 500 questionnaires were analysed. The findings show that students’ personal experience and rumours contribute to the image formation about the higher education institution and greatly influences their willingness to further recommend it therefore this becomes an indicator of the academic performance and success.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2016
  • Keywords: University image, Willingness to recommend, Higher Education, Trust
  • Final revision and acceptance: 4th November, 2016
Volume XVIII, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Radu-Daniel LOGHIN
 

Empirical research in accounting history can help the scholar gain a better insight into the various cultural influences that shape the reasoning of accounting professionals. An empirical approach to accounting history can provide an additional dimension to the context which shapes the underlying principles and practices. This paper proposes an etymological analysis performed on the chart of accounts from the Republic of Moldova since March 2015, with the purpose of identifying the various layers of the accounting terminology and their probable corresponding periods in history. The research reveals a surprising linguistic profile which has not been influenced significantly by the Soviet Union, with major influences being drawn from the 19th and early 20th centuries.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2016
  • Keywords: Chart of accounts, Linguistics, Accounting, Moldova
  • Final revision and acceptance: 4th November, 2016
Volume XVIII, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Iulian APOSTU
 

Most marital couples from nowadays profess to have modern relationships where the distribution of roles, the gender relations and the method of enhancing functions is egalitarian, however, the overall inequities between partners are still visible. At the other extreme, there is a category of couples who strategically negotiate their distribution of power to each gender in accordance with the resources they hold. Thus, in a constant process of grabbing the other, each partner is building a set of resources enabling the domination of other. The study aims to analyze the resources through which the contemporary women organize and promote power resources to dominate within their marital relationship. The research is performed through the qualitative analysis based on sociological survey and the instrument used is the semi-structured interview, applied to both women and their partners.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 1st December, 2016
  • Keywords: Masculine, Feminine, Power, Domination, Conjugal couple
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2016
Volume XVIII, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Ariadna Ioana JURAVLE (GAVRA), Constantin SASU, Loredana TEREC-VLAD
 

The aim of this article is to identify the destination image of Bucovina among the Romanian tourists. Bucovina is one of the most important tourist destinations of Romania, located in the North-Eastern region of Romania and tourism has the potential to provide significant support for economic development of this region. This economic development may occur if the elements of tourism are well-managed. One of the factors influencing the success of a destination is its image. Earlier studies showed the importance of destination image, even though no studies have been conducted for Bucovina to identify the image of this destination. To implement this study, we used survey as the research method and the questionnaire as our research tool. We conducted the content analysis of responses to open questions. The items were included into a broader questionnaire although this article comprises just the qualitative research in which we included emergent coding.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st December, 2016
  • Keywords: Destination image, Image of Bucovina, Emergent coding, Unique image, Romanian tourists
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2016
Volume XVIII, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Latif Abdul Ridha ATIYAH
 

The current research aims to analyse the diversity of workers and its influence on the organizational performance. The success of an organization is achieved by bringing new creative ideas. Thus, adopting diversity management and diverse workforce inside organization, will create a behaviour to add several traits that will enhance the organizational performance by adapting the current work environment to the future work plan. The goal of the research is to identify the impact of diversity in being an independent variant resembled by: (Type, sex, age, religion, ethnicity) and the other one the organizational performance in being a dependent (Related) variant resembled by (market share, sales growth, customer satisfaction, the release cycle of a new product.) The present research reached numerous of conclusions, their highlights resembled by the importance of diversity relying on diversity strategy on improving the current products while offering continuous and effective support to the projects of development and research, considering it as the main tool to support the success of effective organizational performance. The results generally confirmed the relation and the expected impact between the effective organization performance and diversity in the researched organization.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 1st December, 2016
  • Keywords: Diversity, Employees, Organizational, Performance
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2016
Volume XVIII, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Bianca AVRAM POP, Simona SABOU, Liliana Adela ZIMA
 

This article analyzes the influence of the internal population migration phenomenon on unemployment in Romania. During the analyzed period, the years between 1991 and 2015, Romania has gone through important economic and social changes and the long-time economic crisis generated a high unemployment rate involving reduced chances of re-employing the unemployed. At the same time the internal migration rate from urban to urban area, respectively from urban to rural area shows the fact that in Romania the population living in cities is influenced by the professional status and they take risks easier than the ones that come from rural area. The conducted research has a high degree of novelty as it refers to internal migration that, besides the external one, may generate economic unbalances and this is the reason we take into consideration that these analyzed aspects and tendencies be known and taken into consideration especially by the decision factors at socioeconomic level.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st December, 2016
  • Keywords: Unemployment rate, Development, Internal migration
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2016
Volume XVIII, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Ciprian SIMUT
 

The problem of religious freedom can be studied from various perspectives. This kind of freedom can be complete, or limited. Roger Williams proposed complete religious freedom, which would extend to all Christian denominations, but also to non-Christian religions. This happened in a time when such perspectives were inconceivable by the state and the Church. Williams believes that church and state should be separate, but the state has the right to punish any individual or religious group, on the grounds of threatening the civil peace. However, the state has no right to dictate what and in whom must the citizens believe. The focus of the paper is to present the basic ideas of Williams’ concept of religious freedom and to present their relevance today.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 1st December, 2016
  • Keywords: Religious freedom, Civil peace, Punishment, Persecution, Conscience
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2016
Volume XVIII, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Angelica-Nicoleta NECULAESEI (ONEA)
 

This article is an attempt to scan and inventory the key aspects concerning intercultural competence on appeal to literature and information provided by training centers. Punctually, our concerns have focused on the definition and components of intercultural competence, but also on some models and tools that form it. Specific aspects in management were highlighted and we make a proposal for a positive exploitation of the ample material, a rather redundant one which we had access to using innovative collaborative networks, within a multidisciplinary and multicultural project.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 25th June, 2016
  • Keywords: Intercultural competence, Cultural diversity, Intercultural adaptation, Intercultural development models, Intercultural development tools
  • Final revision and acceptance: 20th June, 2016
Volume XVIII, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Irina LECA, Carmen-Andreea VRÂNCEANU, Gabriela TIGU
 

Post-communist Romania still caught in the net of ubiquitous and unstoppable globalization tries to articulate the need of redefining its national identity in the context of modernisation and Europeanisation. After spectacular and unpredictable geopolitical changes of recent decades that have enhanced interactions between societies and distinct cultures, national identity has become an important topic. The idea about national identities these days seemed to incorporate increased expressions of patriotism. Witnessing the mixture of worlds and a real process of hybridisation, where each nation leads a fierce competition to build and promote a favourable image within the global communication space, the article aims to expose the perception about the image of Romania and Romanians in the eyes of foreigners.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th June, 2016
  • Keywords: Globalization, National Identity, Culture
  • Final revision and acceptance: 20th June, 2016
Volume XVIII, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Ana-Maria SAVA
 

In recent years, the rapidly growing industry of leisure has displayed some signs of overcrowding on account of the diminished capacities of turning employed resources into profit and the lowered personnel productivity in Romania. Economic agents striving to succeed in this rapidly evolving economic sector should reconsider their position and plan a strategy to grow or reinforce their business. The present paper provides a starting point in outlying the local recreation market specificity by investigating consumer preferences and drivers of choice. Results show that although there is an active demand for commercial recreational activities, its quantum is rather low. Moreover, the study shows that service-related factors (such as quality, personnel qualification, price and novelty) appear to have the highest importance for consumers, that positive word of mouth is a rather strong influencer, while advertising and location-related factors rank lowest on the list of priorities when choosing a recreation provider.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th June, 2016
  • Keywords: Consumer preferences, Drivers of choice, Arts, entertainment and recreation, Arts and culture, Sports, Entertainment
  • Final revision and acceptance: 20th June, 2016
Volume XVIII, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Eugenia E. UDANGIU
 

The post-Babylonian world became multicultural as consequence of the Divine punishment. The post-modern world celebrates and cultivates differences as opportunities for creativity and freedom. But what kind of differences are desirable and to what extent? A “confused language” cannot help us to choose for instance between a pluralist society and a multiculturalist one. This article aims to demonstrate that, as in the case of conflict, if not managed responsibly, the difference could become just a sterile divisive factor and a simple instrument of power. “Rationality” is a key concept in this context and could be both part of the problem and part of the solution.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th June, 2016
  • Keywords: Rationality, Xenophobia & -philia, Pluralism, Multiculturalism
  • Final revision and acceptance: 20th June, 2016
Volume XVIII, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Alexandrina Cristina VASILE, Luminita NICOLESCU
 

In many cases the success or failure in management is caused by the way leaders understand the cultural environment the companies develop. The leadership approach and rules applied increase or decrease performance in economies and companies. The paper describes the relation between management failure or success and the management adjustment to the cultural dimensions. People build organizations and rule them according to their values, but in the corporation field specific values might be successfully applied or implying the whole company failure. The analysis is made based on Hofstede research and having in mind his dimensions on a dynamic hypothetical case where there are taken into account cultural dimensions for Romania, Germany, Kazakhstan and United States of America.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 30th June, 2016
  • Keywords: Cultural dimensions, Hofstede, Multinational organizations, Business environment, Management
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2016
Volume XVIII, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Maria-Cristina IORGULESCU
 

One of the major demograhic phenomenon registered in the present times is represented by the aging of the Romanian population and, consequently, of the workforce, this issue having several implications for the human resource management in organizations. As generation Z prepares to enter the labor market, managers will be facing a set of generational differences between their employees. As a result, the paper presents the characteristics of generation Z, as highlighted by recent studies. Moreover, the paper presents the results of a survey based on a questionnaire adressed to university students, members of generation Z. The results of the study highlight generation Z perception of the ideal workplace and working conditions, the main priorities in selecting a job and its career expectations and aspirations. The implications of the study, as well as future research directions are discussed.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 30th June, 2016
  • Keywords: Generation Z, Work values, Career, Professional abilities
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2016
Volume XVIII, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Alexandrina Cristina VASILE, Luminița NICOLESCU
 

In the current economic environment where globalization is powerful and demographic changes complex and continuously changing, the cultural and structural dimensions inside and outside business are getting more intricate. Management and companies leaders search a more complex and valuable solution to increase shareholders satisfaction, to protect the environment and keep calm internal circumstances. The more complex the changes are, the higher the leaders challenges for setting the successful path to their organizations are and our aim in the current paper would be to present several solutions found through communication tools.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 6th July, 2016
  • Keywords: Corporate communication, Challenges, Multinational organizations, Business environment, Knowledge
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st July, 2016
Volume XVIII, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Mariana C. JUGANARU, Ion Danut I. JUGANARU, Kamer Ainur M. AIVAZ
 

The human settlements located on the Black Sea coast, between Navodari and Vama Veche, have developed over time, especially after 1970, both as localities/administrative units, as well as Romanian tourist resorts of national interest. The objective of this study is to statistically process the quantitative aspects of the wide used tourist traffic indicators, to capture the existence of similarities or differences between the 17 analysed tourist resorts and locations. Moreover, based on the results triggered by the application of statistical methods, we also aim at achieving a qualitative analysis, encompassing the interpretations related to the attractiveness, image and perception of each resort/location and the motivation for the choice made by different segments of tourists. The interdisciplinary nature of this work is underlying the presentation and understanding the aspects related to the tourist supply, tourist demand/consumption, consumer/tourist behaviour and effects/ results. Also, the information obtained from processing the available database on the 17 tourist resorts and locations, by means of the selected statistical methods, allows us to express our own views as proposals for local decision makers, to improve the activity and the economic performance and image of the respective tourist location/resort.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 6th July, 2016
  • Keywords: Tourist locations, Attractiveness of the locations, Principal component analysis, Tourist traffic indicators
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st July, 2016