Volume XXI, Issue 1, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Daniela Nicoleta BOTONE
 

The article presents an experimental analysis of perceptual experiences related to the music –color synesthesia and grapheme – color synesthesia in Romanian culture. The data have showed significant differences in the occurrence of the synaesthetic perceptions experienced by participants depending on group’size, gender and the two forms of synesthesia. The experimental sample consisted of 67 Romanian participants. Further, limits and implications of the research were discussed.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th January, 2019
  • Keywords: Personality; Synesthesia; Perception; Culture; Group
  • Pages: 7-12
  • Received: 19th October, 2018
  • Final revision and acceptance: 12th January, 2019
Volume XXI, Issue 1, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Rawan ABUZARQA
 

This article critically aims to demonstrate the relationship between three variables: organizational culture, risk management and oragizational performance. The main factor is organizational culture and how it impacts on the risk management and performance of the organization. The research also focuses on the influence of organizational culture on performance and risk management in the bank sector. This paper ins based on secondary literature which reviews analytical research of multifaceted data, such as peer-reviewed journal articles, university textbooks, internet resources, etc. Organizational culture represents one of the key variables impacting organizational performanc. Organizational culture develops when the culture and principles of the employees are compatible with the culture and principles of the institution and it reflects high performance and efficiency. Moreover, the perception of risk and risk management influence the organizational culture. This is then reflected in the strategic management and performance as the combination of efficiency and effectiveness. This study also emphasizes the importance for banks and other organizations to create or apply an efficient framework, for the risk events identification, analysis and monitoring.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 5th May, 2019
  • Keywords: Organizational culture; Performance management; Bank culture; Risk management; Denison model (2006); Matis model (2013)
  • Pages: 13-20
  • Received: 8th March, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st May, 2019
Volume XXI, Issue 1, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Sebastian D. TOCAR
 

This paper presents a qualitative approach to the comparative analysis of the existing cultural dimensions systems. It selected three of the most appreciated cultural dimensions systems elaborated by Hofstede, Trompenaars and the GLOBE project. The characteristics of the cultural dimensions of each approach were subjected to a content analysis in order to identify the values captured by each dimension. The system of cultural values proposed by Milton Rokeach was established as the basis for coding peculiarities. The results of the analysis demonstrated conceptual similarities and differences among the above mentioned cultural dimensions systems, the level of their conceptual development and the extent to which they match the system of human values. These results allowed the author to identify the shortcomings of these cultural dimensions systems and the issues that require more attention in the context of intercultural research.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 5th May, 2019
  • Keywords: Culture; Intercultural; Cultural dimension; Value; Content analysis
  • Pages: 21-34
  • Received: 12th March, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st May, 2019
Volume XXI, Issue 1, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Osama ALHENDI
 

The study aims to explain the impact of the Proficiency Index in English (EPI) on Quality Education (Sustainable Development Goal No. 4), on the development of countries globally and specifically on the development of Hungary. In order to make this point, the study used the Pearson correlation test (via SPSS software), GDP scores (IMF report) and EPI (Education First Ltd report) with data from 2017. The study was based on a survey carried out on 107 foreign students in the area of Debrecen. The questionnaire took language barriers and daily commercial transactions into consideration. According to the study EPI influenced positively on both Quality Education and the national economy. Besides that, the questionnaire indicated that foreign students faced many obstacles to communicate and socialize. The survey also provided a number of useful suggestions and solutions regarding this case.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 22th May, 2019
  • Keywords: Sustainable Development; Quality Education Goal No. 4; English Proficiency Index; Intercultural Communication; Economic Growth
  • Pages: 35-43
  • Received: 8th April, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 21th May, 2019
Volume XXI, Issue 1, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Mohannad ALOBID, Szűcs ISTVÁN, Muhamad ZEED
 

The study highlights the socio-economic impact of the rural development projects that were carried out in the North-Eastern region of Syria among the local population. This analysis aims to evaluate several aspects: the personal characteristics of the beneficiaries; the activities created by the rural development project; the constraints faced by the beneficiaries, which limited their activities and profit within the rural development project, and their solutions to these limitations. The survey found that 43.3% of the beneficiary respondents are middle-aged, 47% can read and write and 35.3% have an educational qualification. Furthermore, 43.5% of beneficiaries are medium land holders and 62.8% own the land they cultivate themselves. Regarding the development training, 44.7% of beneficiaries attended development training, while 48.2% received vocational training. 76.5% of the projects are ongoing, and 98.8% of the evaluation of the respondents’ project was successful. Concerning marketing the mushroom production, 78.3% had difficulties with marketing their production and 90.5% suggested help was needed with marketing mushrooms.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th July, 2019
  • Keywords: Socio-economic Impacts; Beneficiaries; Rural Development Project
  • Pages: 45-55
  • Received: 8th April, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st July, 2019
Volume XXI, Issue 1, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Sebastian D. TOCAR
 

This paper presents a quantitative approach to the analysis of the impact of cultural factors on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). FDI is indispensable for the economic development of Eastern European countries, including Romania. In turn, FDI is determined by a multitude of factors, including cultural ones. Religiosity is an extremely important cultural factor since religion defines culture. However, the religious factor seems to be avoided in the context of FDI research. This study proposes an original reliable indicator designed to quantify religiosity –the Religiosity Index based on the review of literature in the field. This construct is analyzed as a cultural factor with an influence on FDI through simultaneous equations modeling. This allowed the author to identify the significant relationships in the multitude of bilateral and complex interrelations of FDI determinants.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th July, 2019
  • Keywords: Investment; FDI; Culture; Intercultural; Religiosity; Simultaneous equations modelling
  • Pages: 57-66
  • Received: 12th June, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st July, 2019
Volume XXI, Issue 1, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Vahid Zeynvand LORESTANI, Domicián MÁTÉ
 

The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between job satisfaction and employees’ attitudinal and behavioral loyalty from a microeconomic perspective. The paper reviews the literature in the field since the 1970s; this study is based on the hypothesis that the employees who show a conscious tendency to build a better relationship with their employer, are most likely loyal employees. The study also states that the employer's approval is the result of loyalty. Concurrently, it shows that there is a direct relationship between job satisfaction and personal loyalty. Hence, companies need to make workers satisfied and they will be more and more loyal to the company. Moreover, this study tries to propose a model based on an classification of organizational positions in the case of a pharmaceutical company in IRAN.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 30th July, 2019
  • Keywords: Job Satisfaction; Commitment; Behavioural Loyalty; Attitudinal Loyalty
  • Pages: 67-72
  • Received: 5th July, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 17th July, 2019
Volume XXI, Issue 1, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Iulia ROȘOIU
 

The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of public debt on the economic growth, government expenditures and revenues in Romania over the period 1995-2020. The estimation is performed using simple Vector Autoregressive model. The results indicate that the economy is discouraged for the first period, starting to grow after. The effects on government expenditures and revenues are positive for two periods, afterwards they decrease. The significance of the impact is similar on the aggregate fiscal and budget variables and more important compared to the one on the economic growth.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 30th July, 2019
  • Keywords: Public debt; Economic growth; Simple VAR model
  • Pages: 73-78
  • Received: 7th July, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 19th July, 2019