Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Cristina GELAN
 

The paper provides an analysis of ways to measure and value the contemporary artworks. In this regard, the paper proposes a dual perspective approach, namely: reporting of some criteria against which may be assessed a work of art, on the one hand and, on the other side, recognizing the importance of a complex hermeneutical approach that has in the valorization. The context is of the evolution forms of expression, techniques, and artistic means, determined mostly by the evolving technology, which led to breaking the traditional specific boundaries of art and to the development of an artistic syncretism. Thus, the artistic object becomes as difficult to define as it is difficult to assess and artwork can be seen as a symbol or a system of signs that serves an aesthetic purpose. The interpretation involves the establishment of a syncretic stylistics and the evaluation becomes a semiosis.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 10th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Artistic-aesthetic attitude, Contemporary art, Symbolic hermeneutics, Anamorphosis, Artistic syncretism
  • Received: 17th December, 2016
  • Final revision and acceptance: 4th April, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Teodora M. FULGA
 

The main actors on the global scene, the State, the Church and society, together with their values, their identity, their faith, and democracy, are involved in a new dilemma of the individual’s relationship to community, with crucial impacts on the position of universality and transcendence in society. The acute crisis in the recent history triggered a new step in the religious, intercultural or confessional education, which must generate an articulated answer in a field cleared of secularism. This is the key for the interpretation of the new State-cults partnerships in education. Thus the interest manifested by students in the non-confessional public schools reveal the need to present in a balanced way the intercultural and interreligious elements, supported in the OSCE vision by the Toledo Guide. The assessment of the religious education class from an intercultural perspective showed that the Orthodox format is quite close to the recommended principles and intercultural values. Nevertheless, in spite of the lack of intercultural education in the structure of these classes the students have a certain level of knowledge from other sources also deserving investigation.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 6th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Interculturalism, State-Church Relation, Religious Education, OSCE Toledo Guide
  • Received: 4th February, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st May, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Victor N. ITUMO
 

The paper provided draws attention upon the new kind of demand that globalization places on the today’s people, especially those who wish to operate internationally in various spheres. The culture of the people is well entrenched in their languages. A good way to understand the culture of others is to get involved in intercultural studies where everything concerning others can be revealed. Intercultural studies also present opportunity for understanding other nationalities especially by accessing their cultures through their languages. As is evident in most national study programs and curriculum, studying in national languages is the precedence thereby limiting the exposure students in higher institutions have after graduation. The research methodology is to do a holistic assessment of the incisive issues on the topic and draws the conclusion of the necessity of adoption of UN working languages for all students in higher Institutions across the globe.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 6th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Universities, Languages, United Nations, Employment, Graduates, Global citizen
  • Received: 15th February, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st May, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Cezar Ionut BICHESCU, Silvius STANCIU
 

The development of a loyalty model involves the construction of a proper research instrument. For the loyalty model of the clients for financial services, the pre-testing of the research questionnaire represents a significant stage. This article presents the methodology used in this stage for testing the reliability of a loyalty scale. Firstly, this implies choosing the appropriate scales for each variable included in the suggested research model. Secondly, the internal consistency for each of these scales is measured as an indicator of their reliability. The reliability analysis described represents an essential stage in building a measurement instrument for a loyalty model.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 30th June, 2017
  • Keywords: Tradition, Food, Market, Concentration
  • Received: 8th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Samiuddin KHAN, Ishtiaq AHMAD, Syed Zaheer Abbas KAZMI
 

Probably, the healthcare industry has relatively greater occupational hazards, as individuals are faced with injuries, traumas, and life-death situations. Emotional intelligence (EI) is expected to make a significant difference between successful and un-successful health care employees. Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate the supposition that whether EI has any significant contribution to the performance of employees in the health care industry or not? For this purpose, a random sample of 265 individuals was selected from hospitals situated in Rawalpindi and Islamabad. EI inventory was used to assess individual’s emotional intelligence, while a performance questionnaire was used to measure performance of the individuals. Results after the regression analysis indicated that all five subscales of emotional intelligence i.e. interpersonal, intrapersonal, adaptability, stress management and general moods had significant contributions in predicting the performance of healthcare employees. It was therefore recommended that the healthcare organizations should undergo activity-based trainings more frequently in order to enhance the existing EI of their employees.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 30th June, 2017
  • Keywords: Emotional intelligence, Relationship management, Health care industry
  • Received: 12th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Koichi NAKAGAWA, Kazumi TADA, Hiroyuki FUKUCHI
 

This study investigates the potential of organizational cultural crossvergence for local market innovation. For surviving in heterogeneous local context, multinational corporation subsidiaries are required to realize innovation for local market. From the cross-cultural point of view, there exist three options: Convergence on parent company’s culture, divergence from it, and crossvergence which refers to the mixture of it and local society’s culture. We hypothesized that organizational cultural crossvergence would perform best among them, since it can enable subsidiaries to take advantage of both cultural homogeneity and heterogeneity. We examined it using the sample of 162 Japanese subsidiaries in emerging markets that gave a suitable ground for examining cultural power.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 30th June, 2017
  • Keywords: Emerging markets, Japanese multinational corporation, Local market innovation, Organizational cultural crossvergence, Subsidiary management
  • Received: 13th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Sebastian D. TOCAR
 

The impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) on the economy is difficult to overestimate. The influence of cultural factors on FDI is recognized in the scientific community. There are attempts to approach the subject, although they are usually superficial and focused on a certain side of the relation, qualitative analysis is rarely used. The paper presents a qualitative approach to the link between the country's culture and FDI. We propose the results of content analysis of the articles published in three countries: Romania, Ukraine and Moldova, which aim to highlight differences in the vision of FDI as a result of cultural differentiation and cohere with the amount of FDI. The research results aim to underline the role of cultural differentiation between the countries.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th July, 2017
  • Keywords: Foreign direct investment, FDI, Culture, Qualitative analysis, Content analysis
  • Received: 25th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 20th July, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Krisztina DAJNOKI, Péter Miklós KŐMÍVES, Mária HÉDER
 

As a result of the migration wave appearing in summer 2015, the issue of immigrant integration has more often become conspicuous. Although a significant decline has been recorded in the number of immigrants, social-economic-labor market integration is still a challenge for experts and a task to be resolved. In our opinion, the key to the success of migration strategies and integration-aimed programs depends on the attitude and awareness of society (public opinion) and – on the organizational level – the manager and future colleagues as well as on the organizational culture and the approach of a proper human resource expert. Besides adequate information, the recognition of international ‘best practices’ and the adaptation of operational diversity-management, one of the possible methods of facilitating integration is the utilization of sensitization trainings. The article introduces partial results of a questionnaire survey involving 220 employees with respect to attributes associated with migrants and emphasizing the peculiarity and significance of sensitization trainings.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 25th July, 2017
  • Keywords: Immigration, Integration, Discrimination, Labour market, Questionnaire survey
  • Received: 15th May, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 20th July, 2017