Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Stelian MANOLACHE
 

Nowadays-world is under the sign of the triadic concept of globality, globalization and postmodernity. While the first concept refers to an entire system of socio-political and ethical-theoretical relations, which, in their dynamism, lead to the appearance of new knowledge, globalization is the practical phenomenon of manifestation of the relations inside the globaliy, aiming for the economic and utilitarian domain. The domain of the practical globalization is moved by the mechanism of the new informatics technological revolutions, stimulating the production and the consumption, by cohabitating in its civilizational demarche, questioning al the former historical stages, through the encouragement of the perfidious triad of Profit, Consumption and Entertainment a show. In this context, the world tends to shape as a global universal village (Marshall McLuhan), continuously celebrating, in a climate of moral and metaphysical incertitude, with a flatten and flattening consciousness, not interested, even abandoning, in the spiritual values, proposing and launching in the first rows only the utilitarian-values (Dumitru Popescu, 2005). We discuss in the present study this real utopia of horrors (Joseph Ratzinger, 2005), with continuously moving ideas, where the most radical and profound mutation is on the ontological level, the man and the religion being reduced in a nihilist manner to the stage of object merchandise value.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 12th October, 2017
  • Keywords: Globalization, Globality, Postmodernity, Pseudo-spirituality, Utopia of horror, Perverted triad, Eschatological perspective
  • Received: 7th August, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 5th October, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Alina HALLER
 

Globalisation is a process that brings advantages and disadvantages to all states, regardless of their stage of development. The relative deprivation, especially the financial one, of the developing countries is a reason of frustration, which motivates the emigration decision; hence our orientation to alter-globalism. In this paper, I intend to highlight by means of analysis, synthesis, deduction, induction, and statistic data, the causes and types of migration in Romania’s case, one of the main European countries where the immigrants originate from. We will see how globalisation manifests itself in a twofold manner in the economy and the society of a developing country, just like migration. We will show why a poor country is avoided by immigrants and deserted, as a result of immigration, by its own population, while, just like the developed states, it is likely to face the same demographic, economic and social problems, considering that the process of demographic transition is already manifested.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 1st November, 2017
  • Keywords: Alterglobalization, Development, Growth, Migration
  • Received: 19th October, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 27th October, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Letitia DURNEA
 

The present article has the purpose of highlighting possible interrelationships between proverbs and thinking, both connected through education. Thinking, a complex mental process, is materialized in various forms, being influenced by the individual’s personalities, trends and personal interests. For this reason, we consider that proverbs, reaching so extensive areas, can satisfy different tastes, sometimes even contradictory. It seeks to highlight the form in which thinking can be contrived, guided and even provoked by proverbs - short, popular phrases with fixed forms that convey the millennial wisdom of our ancestors. Assigning multiple roles, the paremiology conceals thinking with the help of educators through education.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 1st November, 2017
  • Keywords: Proverbs, Paremiology, Education
  • Received: 5th October, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 30th October, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Teodora Monica FULGA
 

The purpose of this research is to reveal the perception of young people about the citizens' initiative to revise the Constitution for redefining the family. The Citizens Initiative, which drew 3 million signatures, was submitted to the Parliament by the Coalition for the Family in order to change article no. 48 of the Romanian Constitution with the formula „Family is based on the freely agreed marriage between a man and a woman on their equality and the right and duty of parents to ensure the growth, education and training of children”. The research highlights the young people's knowledge about this initiative, the perceived activity of the stakeholders, and also their personal way of referring to this initiative as well as the concept itself.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 17th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Citizen initiative, Constitutional referendum, Family, LGBT rights
  • Received: 31th October, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 14th November, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Angelica-Nicoleta NECULAESEI (ONEA)
 

Ethnomarketing and tribal marketing can be regarded as subdivisions of intercultural management. This is the perspective intended to be analyzed in the proposed study, by valuing cultural specificity features that can support the effort of adaptation to a group that can be described by common features. The aim is to provide a general theoretical framework and proposals to adapt the marketing mix to a certain ethnic or "tribal" profile, in order to increase the company's performance.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 17th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Intercultural management, Marketing, Culture, Ethnomarketing, Tribal marketing
  • Received: 2nd November, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 14th November, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Shaher ALSHAMARI
 

Primary Health Care Corporation (PHCC) in Qatar was operating in 27 primary health care centers distributed across three regions. In 2014 alone, PHCC served 5.2 million visitors. This provides us with an indication of how important the Primary Health Care Sector is to the State of Qatar and demonstrates the necessity for further research into the field of performance in this sector. Different antecedents of organizational performance have been considered in the literature. However, organizational culture has not been studied as an antecedent of organizational performance specifically in the context of Quatar’s primary health care sector. Therefore, a theoretical framework will be beneficial in order to gain a better understanding of the relationship between organizational culture and organizational performance. In this paper, organizational culture is the independent variable which is measured by Denison et al. (2006) model and is based on four traits of culture. Organizational performance is the dependent variable which is measured by non-financial performance.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 17th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Organizational Culture, Organizational Performance, Primary Health Care in Qatar
  • Received: 13th October, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 14th November, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Ioana GUTU, Irina MANOLESCU
 

The actions specific for the managers that run the non-traditional institutions do not subscribe to the managerial procedures used by their partners that act within the public, private or NGO sectors. With a background that includes from far more experience and a larger knowlege base, they are considered within the literature as being more leaders than managers for the groups they work with. The article is highlighting the peculiarities concerning the profile of the managers that act within the niche sectors – NGOs partners of public institutions, Romanian autonomous administrations and corporate foundations, taking into consideration individual factors that may contribute to the decisional and collaborative processes existent among the two sectors. Starting from the general profile and competencies of managers, the study used an extensive analysis of a Curriculum-Vitae database from which we selected the critical data concerning the niche sector profile; data was available on companies websites and/or reports, projects paperwork, relevant state institutions activity reports.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 17th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Managerial profile, Non-traditional organizations
  • Received: 14th November, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 16th November, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Dumitru-Daniel TINCU
 

In the current context, religion has become a central subject for many philosophers and political scientists as a result of the secularisation phenomenon developed in the twentieth century. Although the theorists have divided opinions on the implications of post-modernism, there is a commonly accepted position on a form of justification for the state through religion. The article articulates the fact that all the political concepts are secularised theological concepts. The relationship between religion and politics – divinity and power – will allow the reconstruction of the theological-political construct. There is an ambiguity when referring to this subject, confusing political theology with political religion. From this reasoning, the present article tries to identify the differences between political theology and political religion, discourses debated in European political and social thinking. This approach is relevant because the political role of religion continues to develop increasingly complex discourses, but, at the same time, with a direct impact on the concept of power inside the state.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 17th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Political theology, Political religion, Secularisation, Divinity, Power
  • Received: 2nd November, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 14th November, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Iuliana-Lacramioara TINCU
 

The European Union appears, in the context of a conceptual and transformational change, in the shape of a fluid structure that is continuously shaped by a wide variety of factors. Under the current redefining process, the present article pursues the amplitude of the social force in the Union’s configuration. The EU can be currently viewed as a reality found at crossroads, due to a growing fragility of public support for integration and the increasing contestation of the EU through the amplification of Eurosceptic attitudes and the rising popularity of the populist-nationalist parties. In the conditions of a populism-terrorism-migration triad that is threatening the European integration project, this article represents an attempt to provide a preliminary insight on the forces that shape the configuration of this supranational structure, with regard to the factors that are accountable for the growing scepticism among the European citizens and have shifted the citizens’ approach on the EU from a permissive consensus to a constraining dissensus.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 17th November, 2017
  • Keywords: European Union, Public support, European integration, Euroscepticism
  • Received: 2nd November, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 14th November, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 2
Angelica-Nicoleta NECULAESEI
 

Being published in 2017 by the L'Harmattan Publishing House, Paris, under the coordination of Pierre Dupriez and Blandine Vanderlinden (MIME-ICHEC, Brussels), the book Perspectives on interculturality manages to capture the main aspects of the cultural dimension of management, using a multicultural and multidisciplinary team.

  • Type: Book Review
  • Published on: 1st October, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 27th September, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Cristina GELAN
 

The paper provides an analysis of ways to measure and value the contemporary artworks. In this regard, the paper proposes a dual perspective approach, namely: reporting of some criteria against which may be assessed a work of art, on the one hand and, on the other side, recognizing the importance of a complex hermeneutical approach that has in the valorization. The context is of the evolution forms of expression, techniques, and artistic means, determined mostly by the evolving technology, which led to breaking the traditional specific boundaries of art and to the development of an artistic syncretism. Thus, the artistic object becomes as difficult to define as it is difficult to assess and artwork can be seen as a symbol or a system of signs that serves an aesthetic purpose. The interpretation involves the establishment of a syncretic stylistics and the evaluation becomes a semiosis.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 10th April, 2017
  • Keywords: Artistic-aesthetic attitude, Contemporary art, Symbolic hermeneutics, Anamorphosis, Artistic syncretism
  • Received: 17th December, 2016
  • Final revision and acceptance: 4th April, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Teodora M. FULGA
 

The main actors on the global scene, the State, the Church and society, together with their values, their identity, their faith, and democracy, are involved in a new dilemma of the individual’s relationship to community, with crucial impacts on the position of universality and transcendence in society. The acute crisis in the recent history triggered a new step in the religious, intercultural or confessional education, which must generate an articulated answer in a field cleared of secularism. This is the key for the interpretation of the new State-cults partnerships in education. Thus the interest manifested by students in the non-confessional public schools reveal the need to present in a balanced way the intercultural and interreligious elements, supported in the OSCE vision by the Toledo Guide. The assessment of the religious education class from an intercultural perspective showed that the Orthodox format is quite close to the recommended principles and intercultural values. Nevertheless, in spite of the lack of intercultural education in the structure of these classes the students have a certain level of knowledge from other sources also deserving investigation.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 6th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Interculturalism, State-Church Relation, Religious Education, OSCE Toledo Guide
  • Received: 4th February, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st May, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Victor N. ITUMO
 

The paper provided draws attention upon the new kind of demand that globalization places on the today’s people, especially those who wish to operate internationally in various spheres. The culture of the people is well entrenched in their languages. A good way to understand the culture of others is to get involved in intercultural studies where everything concerning others can be revealed. Intercultural studies also present opportunity for understanding other nationalities especially by accessing their cultures through their languages. As is evident in most national study programs and curriculum, studying in national languages is the precedence thereby limiting the exposure students in higher institutions have after graduation. The research methodology is to do a holistic assessment of the incisive issues on the topic and draws the conclusion of the necessity of adoption of UN working languages for all students in higher Institutions across the globe.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 6th May, 2017
  • Keywords: Universities, Languages, United Nations, Employment, Graduates, Global citizen
  • Received: 15th February, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st May, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Cezar Ionut BICHESCU, Silvius STANCIU
 

The development of a loyalty model involves the construction of a proper research instrument. For the loyalty model of the clients for financial services, the pre-testing of the research questionnaire represents a significant stage. This article presents the methodology used in this stage for testing the reliability of a loyalty scale. Firstly, this implies choosing the appropriate scales for each variable included in the suggested research model. Secondly, the internal consistency for each of these scales is measured as an indicator of their reliability. The reliability analysis described represents an essential stage in building a measurement instrument for a loyalty model.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 30th June, 2017
  • Keywords: Tradition, Food, Market, Concentration
  • Received: 8th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Samiuddin KHAN, Ishtiaq AHMAD, Syed Zaheer Abbas KAZMI
 

Probably, the healthcare industry has relatively greater occupational hazards, as individuals are faced with injuries, traumas, and life-death situations. Emotional intelligence (EI) is expected to make a significant difference between successful and un-successful health care employees. Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate the supposition that whether EI has any significant contribution to the performance of employees in the health care industry or not? For this purpose, a random sample of 265 individuals was selected from hospitals situated in Rawalpindi and Islamabad. EI inventory was used to assess individual’s emotional intelligence, while a performance questionnaire was used to measure performance of the individuals. Results after the regression analysis indicated that all five subscales of emotional intelligence i.e. interpersonal, intrapersonal, adaptability, stress management and general moods had significant contributions in predicting the performance of healthcare employees. It was therefore recommended that the healthcare organizations should undergo activity-based trainings more frequently in order to enhance the existing EI of their employees.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 30th June, 2017
  • Keywords: Emotional intelligence, Relationship management, Health care industry
  • Received: 12th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Koichi NAKAGAWA, Kazumi TADA, Hiroyuki FUKUCHI
 

This study investigates the potential of organizational cultural crossvergence for local market innovation. For surviving in heterogeneous local context, multinational corporation subsidiaries are required to realize innovation for local market. From the cross-cultural point of view, there exist three options: Convergence on parent company’s culture, divergence from it, and crossvergence which refers to the mixture of it and local society’s culture. We hypothesized that organizational cultural crossvergence would perform best among them, since it can enable subsidiaries to take advantage of both cultural homogeneity and heterogeneity. We examined it using the sample of 162 Japanese subsidiaries in emerging markets that gave a suitable ground for examining cultural power.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 30th June, 2017
  • Keywords: Emerging markets, Japanese multinational corporation, Local market innovation, Organizational cultural crossvergence, Subsidiary management
  • Received: 13th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 24th June, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Sebastian D. TOCAR
 

The impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) on the economy is difficult to overestimate. The influence of cultural factors on FDI is recognized in the scientific community. There are attempts to approach the subject, although they are usually superficial and focused on a certain side of the relation, qualitative analysis is rarely used. The paper presents a qualitative approach to the link between the country's culture and FDI. We propose the results of content analysis of the articles published in three countries: Romania, Ukraine and Moldova, which aim to highlight differences in the vision of FDI as a result of cultural differentiation and cohere with the amount of FDI. The research results aim to underline the role of cultural differentiation between the countries.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 25th July, 2017
  • Keywords: Foreign direct investment, FDI, Culture, Qualitative analysis, Content analysis
  • Received: 25th April, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 20th July, 2017
Volume XIX, Cross-Cultural Management Journal
Issue 1
Krisztina DAJNOKI, Péter Miklós KŐMÍVES, Mária HÉDER
 

As a result of the migration wave appearing in summer 2015, the issue of immigrant integration has more often become conspicuous. Although a significant decline has been recorded in the number of immigrants, social-economic-labor market integration is still a challenge for experts and a task to be resolved. In our opinion, the key to the success of migration strategies and integration-aimed programs depends on the attitude and awareness of society (public opinion) and – on the organizational level – the manager and future colleagues as well as on the organizational culture and the approach of a proper human resource expert. Besides adequate information, the recognition of international ‘best practices’ and the adaptation of operational diversity-management, one of the possible methods of facilitating integration is the utilization of sensitization trainings. The article introduces partial results of a questionnaire survey involving 220 employees with respect to attributes associated with migrants and emphasizing the peculiarity and significance of sensitization trainings.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 25th July, 2017
  • Keywords: Immigration, Integration, Discrimination, Labour market, Questionnaire survey
  • Received: 15th May, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 20th July, 2017